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the one who despairs of Allaah’s Mercy is astray

“He (Ibraaheem) said: And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?”
~Surah al-Hijr, 15:56

Shaikh al-‘Uthaymeen comments:

“Despairing of Allaah’s Mercy is not allowed because it is having ill thoughts about Allaah, and that is from two aspects:

First: it is discrediting His Ability, as whoever knows that Allaah is Able to do everything will not think anything to be unlikely for Him to be Able to do. Second: it is discrediting His Mercy, as whoever knows that Allaah is Raheem will not think it to be unlikely for Him to have mercy on him. This is why the one who despairs of Allaah’s Mercy is astray.

If a person falls into distress, he should not think that his wish coming true or his distress being removed is unlikely. And how many people were there who fell into distress and thought there was no escape from it then Allaah saved them, either due to a previous good deed – like what happened to Yunus (‘alayhissalaam), Allaah said: {Had he not been of those who glorify[1] Allaah, He would have indeed remained inside its (the fish’s) belly until the Day of Resurrection} – or due to a future deed.  And like the supplication of Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ on the day of Badr and night of the Ahzaab, and likewise the companions of the Cave.”

[1] i.e. declare Allaah free of all imperfections

[majmoo fataawaa wa rasaa.il al-‘uthaymeen, 682-3/10  / asaheeha translations]
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