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the one who despairs of Allaah’s Mercy is astray

“He (Ibraaheem) said: And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?”
~Surah al-Hijr, 15:56

Shaikh al-‘Uthaymeen comments:

“Despairing of Allaah’s Mercy is not allowed because it is having ill thoughts about Allaah, and that is from two aspects:

First: it is discrediting His Ability, as whoever knows that Allaah is Able to do everything will not think anything to be unlikely for Him to be Able to do. Second: it is discrediting His Mercy, as whoever knows that Allaah is Raheem will not think it to be unlikely for Him to have mercy on him. This is why the one who despairs of Allaah’s Mercy is astray.

If a person falls into distress, he should not think that his wish coming true or his distress being removed is unlikely. And how many people were there who fell into distress and thought there was no escape from it then Allaah saved them, either due to a previous good deed – like what happened to Yunus (‘alayhissalaam), Allaah said: {Had he not been of those who glorify[1] Allaah, He would have indeed remained inside its (the fish’s) belly until the Day of Resurrection} – or due to a future deed.  And like the supplication of Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ on the day of Badr and night of the Ahzaab, and likewise the companions of the Cave.”

[1] i.e. declare Allaah free of all imperfections

[majmoo fataawaa wa al-‘uthaymeen, 682-3/10  / asaheeha translations]


English Translation with Concise Tafseer of Suratul-Faatihah
based on the explanations of al-Qurtubee, as-Sa`dee, al-`Uthaymeen, al-Albaanee, al-Fawzaan, al-`Ajlaan & Tafseer al-Muyassar

سورة الفاتحة

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1. [I begin reciting the Qur.aan] in the name of Allaah [Alone, seeking His Help and His Blessing], the Entirely Merciful [to all creation], the Especially Merciful [to the believers] / the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

الحمد لله رب العالمين

2. All praise is due to Allaah [Alone] [for His Perfect Essence, Perfect Attributes and Perfect Actions], the Rabb [Creator, Owner, Disposer of affairs as He wills, Regulator, Nurturer, Bestower of Blessings, Master] of all creation

الرحمن الرحيم

3. The Entirely Merciful [to all creation], the Especially Merciful [to the believers] / the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

ملك يوم الدين

4. The [only] King (Malik), the [only] Owner and Disposer of affairs (Maalik) on the Day of Recompense [i.e. the Day of Resurrection]

إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين

5. It is You [alone] we worship and You [alone] we ask for help

اهدنا الصراط المستقيم

6. Guide us to the Straight Path [i.e. show us the Straight Path, inspire us and give us success in following it, and keep us firm upon it]

صراط الذين أنعمت عليهم غير المغضوب عليهم ولا الضآلين

7. The Path of those whom You have blessed [i.e. the Prophets, the Siddeeqoon (those who are exceedingly truthful and have strong faith in terms of belief, speech and actions), the Martyrs and the Righteous], not [the Path of] those who earned Your Anger [i.e. those who know the Truth but don’t act upon it, like the Jews], nor [the Path of] those who went astray [i.e. those who have no knowledge and act upon ignorance, like the Christians]

asaheeha translations

Click here for the PDF

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